Cirad

Muriel Figuié

Sociologue/ Sociologist (PhD, HDR)

Risk and society, Animal health policies, domestic and wild animals, food systems and food market chains

Cirad, Département Environnements et Sociétés

Unité Mixte de Recherche "Marchés, organisations, institutions et stratégies d'acteurs" (UMR Moisa)

Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique

 

Mes recherches portent sur les risques sanitaires et la santé globale, en lien avec les enjeux de développement dans les pays sous régime d'aide. Les risques que j'étudie sont principalement liés à l'élevage, et plus précisément les maladies infectieuses émergentes et les phénomènes d'antibiorésistance, dans le contexte de de la mise en œuvre du concept One Health.Je travaille actuellement au Mozambique sur le marché des médicaments vétérinaires et le plan national de réduction des risques d'antimicrobiorésistance.

 My research focuses on health risks related to animals (AMR, avian flu, Ebola, foot-and-mouth disease...): how they are handled at different scales (local, national, international) and according to the logics and strategies specific to the different  stakeholders (farmers, consumers, vets, policy markers, international organisations...). I am currently working in Mozmabique, on the organisation of the vet drug distribution and the implementation of the national action plan for facing the threat of antimicrobioresistance.

 

 

Principales activités/ Main activities

ROADMAP (2019-2022, coord. N.Fortané, INRA; H2020). Rethinking of antimicrobial decision-systems in the management of animal production. ROADMAP is an interdisciplinary project that combines social sciences (sociology, economics) and animal and veterinary sciences.  ROADMAP analyses the practices, knowledge and motivations of actors towards AMU and animal health management, i.e. how actors use AMs (practices), the reasons why they use AMs (knowledge) and their willingness to reduce AMU (motivations). Actor refers here to animal health professionals intervening at a farm level, such as farmers, veterinarians, technical advisors and farmers’ organizations, and to stakeholders intervening in food and drug supply chains (e.g. pharmaceutical companies, breeding, feeding industries, retailers and processors, or policy makers). ROADMAP analyses the decision-systems that lead to AMU, which are determined by contextual features and the structure of the food and drug supply chain. In this project, I am in charge of the Mozambican case study.

AMAGRI (2019- 2020, coord. N. Fortané, INRA; ANR) The objective of AMAGRI is to promote the reduction of antimicrobial use (AMU) in livestock farming in order to address the problem of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in the agri-food sector, and to contribute to the development of socio-economic innovations in the prescription, delivery and use of antimicrobials in veterinary medicine. On the one hand, it aims to understand how the dominant model of intensive animal husbandry, supported by a heavy usage of antimicrobials, has been established, and on the other hand, to encourage the current dynamics towards reduction of this sociotechnical and socio-economic dependence on veterinary drugs. AMAGRI thus contributes to the transition towards an "agro-ecological" production model allowing a better control of the health and environmental risks posed by the AMR phenomenon.(more information)

MozArh Project (coord. J. Cappelle, Cirad; funded by MUSE). The main objective of the MozARH project is to make an assessment of the circulation of arenaviruses and its drivers at the rodent / human interface in Mozambique. This assessment will inform on the risk of spill-over to humans by identifying key environments and periods or seasons to target surveillance and prevention measures. This includes the identification of  the social, cultural, economic and political drivers that shape the human/rodent interface.

SWiM (2018-2022; coord FAO, funded by EU). The programme will contribute to the conservation and sustainable use of wildlife in forests, savannas and wetlands by regulating wildlife hunting, strengthening the management capacities of indigenous and rural communities and increasing the supply of sustainably produced meat products and farmed fish. The project includes to analyse the role of wild meat in the food systems, the drivers and the dynamic of this consumption and to encourage the subsitution of wild meat by "domestic meat". (more information)

Prosuli  (2018-2021, coord. Alexandre Caron, Cirad; EuropAid),Promoting Sustainable LIvelihoods for sustainable Transfrontier conservation areas.  The ProSuLi project aims at promoting and strengthening the sustainable management of TransFrontier Conservation Areas (TFAcs) in southern Africa (Botswana, Mozambique, Zimbabwe) through a multi-stakeholder participatory process. (more information)

 
 
Past projects:  Projetcs Pacman (Metaprogramme Gisa/inra), FSP GRIPAVI, ARDIGRIP (AIRD), ATP "Emergences et risques sanitaires" (Cirad), Projetcs SUSPER, M4P, ACI Distri.
 
 

Value chain analysis (farming systems, market chains, and food systems): social organisations, collective action, inclusiveness and governance

Impact analysis of animal health standards and sanitary crisis on small-scale farmers and traders

Risk governance analysis (food related risks, zoonosis, emerging infectious diseases): public perception and management of risks (consumers, livestock keepers, traders…), vulnerability and resilience, communication and trust.

 

Member of the pedagogic team of the Master PAGERS « Politiques de l’alimentation et gestion des risques sanitaires » de l'Ecole nationale des Services Vétérinaires.

Master courses (Univ Toulouse le Mirail, ISTHIA;  Master Gimat; Master OH; Master PAGERS...)

 


Countries of experience


Contact

    
Universidade Eduardo Mondlane
Departamento de Sociologia
Campus Universitario Principal Av. Julius Nyerere CP 257 Maputo
Maputo, Mozambique

muriel.figuie@cirad.fr
Tel (mob. Mozambique): 00 +258 85 26 58 887
Tel France: 00 + 33 4 67 61 55 37 (sec. Cirad)

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