Cirad

Alexandre Caron

 

 

Sampling Buffalo @ S. Morand White-faced Whitling Duck on Manyame Lake @ A. Caron Taking data on reb-billed teal @ C. GouletAfrican Buffalo tagged and collared @ F. Jori Mwenezi River at the Wildlife/Livestock Interface, Zimbabwe @ A. Caron Backyard Poultry ringed for CMR protocol @ A. Caron

 

Degrees: D.V.M., Ph.D., H.D.R.

Location

Physical address

  • Universidade Eduardo Mondlane
    Maputo
    Mozambique

Tel/Email

  • Office: pending
  • Cell : +258 84 464 06 39
  • Adresse mail : alexandre.caron@cirad.fr

 

Field of expertise

 

Expertise in training

 

  • PACE AU-IBAR Training for Wildilfe Surveillance and Capture, Garoua, Cameroon, Accra, Ghana, 2004.

 

Research Activities

I am hosted at the Faculdade de Veterinaria at the Universidade Edouardo Mondlane in Mozambique. I am involved in the coordination of the Research Platform (Dispositif Prioiritaire) RP-PCP: "Production and Conservation in Partnership", a collaborative partnership between Cirad, University of Bulawayo (NUST), University of Zimbabwe and CNRS (I was based in Zimbabwe until the end of 2014). 

I submitted my PhD in 2010 at the University of Pretoria (Mammal Research Institute, Department of Zoology and Entomology) entitled: "Describing and Understanding Host-Pathogen Community Interaction at the Wildlife/Domestic Interface". Since then, I am implementing research on disease ecology at wild/domestic interfaces in Transfrontier Conservaton Areas in southern Africa. So far, I have investigated two multi-host, multi-pathogen models:

1. Wild and domestic ungulates communities and their pathogens in two Transfrontier Conservation Area (Great Limpopo and Kavambo Zambezi TFCAs). Since 2006, we survey cattle and wildlife populations (mainly but not exclusively buffalo herds) for an array of important diseases such as bovine tuberculosis, FMD, Rift Valley Fever, Brucellosis etc. We are particularly concerned by the spread of bovine tuberculosis in Buffalo in Zimbabwe. In parallel to this study, we implemented telemetry studies on cattle and buffaloes at different wild/domestic interface to explore host interaction and potential for disease transmission. My interest is more and more on the ecology of disease transmission, trying to understand the processes that drive disease transmission instead on focalising on a specific pathogen.

2. Avian Communities and their pathogens in the Manyame-Chivero Lakes. Between 2006 and 2011, we investigated the ecology of Avian Influenza Viruses (AIV) and secondly Newcastle disease virus, West Nile virus and other avian pathogens in waterfowl communities and at the wild/domestic bird interface across Africa.

My main research interest is therefore the ecology of disease transmission at the wildlife/domestic interfaces: trying to develop multi-disciplinary tools to study the factors and drivers of pathogen transmission processes and attempting to develop the theoretical background of this field.

Cirad promotes applied research and capacity building at national level in countries where we work. Therefore, I develop my research in collaboration with other researchers, supervising local MSc and PhD students that will be able at the end of their study to allocate their skills and expertise to their country, from within technical servcies, universities and/or NGOs. 

 

Recent and On-going selected Projects






http://www.rp-pcp.org/projects/on-going/savarid
 
http://www.rp-pcp.org/projects/on-going/bucatin 

http://www.rp-pcp.org/projects/completed/gripavi
 
http://www.rp-pcp.org/projects/completed/eu-parsel

 

Member of international body

- IUCN African Buffalo Interest Group (AfBIG), under Antelope Specialist Group, co-coordinator

- IUCN Wildlife Health Specialist Group, member

 

Publications

Liste CIRAD des publications de Alexandre Caron 

http://scholar.google.com/citations?user=H4iaWJoAAAAJ&hl=en&oi=ao

 

2017

- Massot M., Couffignal C., Clermont O., D'Humières C., Chatel J., PLault N., Andremont A., Caron A., Mentré F., Denamur E. 2017. Day-to-day dynamic of commensal Escherichia coli in Zimbabwean cows evidences temporal fluctuations within a host specific population structure. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, in press.

- Miguel E., Grosbois V., Fritz H., Caron A., de Garine-Wichatitsky M., Nicod F., Loveridge A.J., Stapelkamd B., MacDonald D.W., Valeix M. 2017. Drivers of Foot and Mouth Disease in cattle at wild/domestic interface: insights from farmers, buffalo and lions. Diversity and Distribution, in press. 

-  Colin de Verdière K., Binot A., Caron A., de Garine-Wichatitsky M., Leroy A. 2017. Les aires protégées, des opportunités de développement socio-économique des territoires? In: "Territoires et Développement Durable, AFD-Cirad, in press.


2016

- Caron A., Cappelle J., Gaidet N. 2016. Challenging the conceptual framework ofmaintenance hosts for inlfuenza A viruses in wild birds. Journal of Applied Ecology, in press

- Gaidet N. & Caron A. 2016. Rôle de l'avifaune dans la transmission et la dispersion de l'indluenza aviaire dans les écosystèmes Afro-tropicaux: apport de l'éco-épidémiologie. Cahiers de l'Agriculture, 25(5): 54001.

- Bordes F., Caron A., Blasdell K., de Garine-Wichatitsky M., Morand S. 2016. Using network analysis to identify key-rodent hosts as potential sources of emerging zoonotic diseases in the human-dominated landscapes of Southeast Asia. Journal of Applied Ecology in press.

- Miguel E., El Idrissi A., Chevalier V., Caron A., Faye B., Peiris M., Roger F. 2016. Ecological and epidemiological roles of camels: lessons from existing and emerging viral infections. Empress - Animal Health, 46: 4-8.

- Mundava J., Caron, A., de Garibne-Wichatitsky, M., Mundy, P., Gaidet, N. 2016. Role of breeding phenology and aggregation of waterfowl on avian influenza dynamics in southern Africa. Ibis, 158: 762-775.

- Caron, A. 2016. The ecology of infectious disease transmission in multi-host systems in African socio-ecosystems. Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches, Ecole Doctorale GAIA, Université de Montpellier.

- Chigwenhese, L., Murwira, A., Zengeya, F. M., Masocha, M., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Caron, A. 2016. Monitoring African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) and catle (Bos taurus) movement across a damaged veterinary control fence at a southern African wildlife/livestock interface. African Journal of Ecology, 54(4): 415-423.

- Roger, F., Caron, A., Morand, S., Pedrono, M., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Chevalier, V., Tran, A., Gaidet-Drapier, N., Figuié, M., ed Visscher, M. -N., Binot, A. 2016. One Health and EcoHealth: same wine in different bottles? From field activities in low-income countries to revised concepts. Infection, Ecology and Epidemiology, 6: 30978.

- Mercat, M., Clermont, O., Massot, M., Ruppe, E., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Miguel, E., Valls Fox, H., Cornelise, D., Andremont, A., Denamur, E., Caron, A. 2016. Escherichia coli populations sharing and antibioticresistance gradient at a buffalo/cattle interface in southern Africa. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 82 (5): 1459-1467.

- Caron, A., Cornelis, D., Foggin, C., Hofmeyr, M., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M. 2016. Transfrontier Conservation Areas, Buffalo Movements and Animal Diseases. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 22(2): 277-280.

- Hellard, E., Cumming, G. S., Caron, A., Coe, E., Peters, J. 2016. Testing epidemiological functional groups as predictors of avian haemosporidia patterns in southern Africa. Ecosphere, 7(4): e01225. 

 

2015

- Zengeya, F., Murwira, A., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Caron, A., Cornelis, D., Gandiwa, P. 2015. Spatial overlap between sympatric wild and domestic herbivores links to resource gradients. Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment, 2: 56-65.

- Caron, A., Cappelle, J., Cumming, G. S., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Gaidet, N. 2015. Bridge host, a missing link in disease ecology in multi-host systems. Veterinary Research, 46: 83.

- Cumming, G. S., Abolnik, C., Caron, A., Gaidet, N., Grewar, J., Hellard, E., Henry, D. A. W., Reynolds, C. 2015. A social-ecological approach to landscape epidemiology: geographic variation and avian influenza . Landscape Ecology, 30(6): 963-985.

- Figuié, M., Binot, A., Caron, A. 2015. (Wild and Domestic; Human and Animal: a sanitary surveillance blurring boundaries)French. Revue d'Anthropologie des Connaissances, 9(2): 163-188.

- Peyre, M., Gaidet, N., Caron, A., Cappelle, J., Tran, A.-L., Roger F. 2015. (Avian Influenza in the world: update on 31st Janaury 2015) French. Anses Bulletin, n°67: 10-14.

 

2014  

- Caron, A., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Roger, F. 2014. Bovine tuberculosis: a double-edged issue at the human/livestock/wildlife interface in Africa. Empres-animal health 360 44(2): 10-13.

- Caron, A., Grosbois, V., Etter, E., Gaidet, N., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M. 2014. Bridge hosts for Avian Influenza viruses at the wildlife/domestic interface: an ecoepidemiological framework implemented in southern Africa. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 117 (590-600).

- Smitz, N., Cornelis, D., Chardonnet, P., Caron, A., de Garine-Wichatitskky, M., Jori, F., Mouton, A., Latinne, A., Pigneur, L. -M., Meletti, M., Kanapeckas, K. L., Marescaux, J., Lopes Pereira, C., Michaux, J. 2014. Genetic structure of fragmented southern populations of African Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer). BMC Evolutionary Biology, 14: 203.

- Cappelle, J., Caron, A., Servan de Almeida, R., Gil, P., Pedrono, M., Mundava, J., Fofana, B., Balança, G., Dakouo, M., Ould El Mamy, A. B., Albonik, C., Maminiaina, O. F., Cumming, G. S., de Visscher, M.-N., Albina, E., Chevalier, V., Gaidet, N. 2014. Empirical analysis suggests continuous and homogeneous circulaiton of Newcastle Disease virus in a wide range of wild birds species in Africa. Epidemiology and Infection,143(§): 1292-1303.

- Miguel, E., Boulinier, T., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Caron, A., Fritz, H., Grosbois, V. 2014. Characterising African tick communities at a wild-domestic interface using repeated sampling protocols and models. Acta Tropica, 138: 5-14.

- Jori, F., Caron, A., Thompson, P. N., Dwarka, R., Foggin, C., de garine-Wichatitsky, M., Hofmeyr, M., Van Heerden, J. and Heath, L. 2014. Characteristics of Foot-and-Mouth disease viral strains circulating at the wildlife/livestock interface of the Great Limpopo Transforntier Area. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, in press.

Kock, R., Kock, M., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Chardonnet, P., Caron, A. 2014. Livestock and buffalo (Syncerus caffer) interfaces in Africa: ecology of disease transmission and implications for conservation and development. In: Ecology, Evollution and Behaviour of wild Cattle. Implications for Conservation. Melletti, M. & Burton, J. (Editors). Cambridge University Press, Chapter 26.

 

2013

- Ferguson, K. J., Cleaveland, S., Haydon, D. T., Caron, A., Kock, R., Lembo, T., Grant, J., Hopcraft, C., Chardonnet, B., Nyakiri, T., Keyyu, J., Paton, D. J., Kivaria, F. M. 2013. Evaluating the potential for the environmentally sustainable control of foot and mouth disease in Sub-Saharan Africa. Ecohealth, 10(3): 314-322. 

- Zvidzai, M., Murwira, A., Caron, A., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M. 2013. Waterhole use patterns at the wildlife/livestock interface in a semi-arid savanna of Southern Africa. Int. J. of Develoment and Sustainability, 2(2): 455-471.

- Miguel, E., V. Grosbois, A. Caron, D. Cornelis, T. Boulinier, H. Fritz, C. Foggin, P. Makaya, P. T. Tshabalala, and M. de Garine-Wichatitksy. 2013. Contact rates with buffalo explain foot-and mouth disease dynamics in cattle at the periphery of Transfrontier Conservation Areas in Southern Africa. Ecosphere, 4(4): art51.

- de Garine-Wichatitksy, M., A. Caron, R. Kock, R. Tschopp, M. Munyeme, M. Hofmeyr, and A. Michel. 2013. A review on bovine tuberculosis at the wildlife/livestock/human interface in sub-Saharan Africa. Epidemiology and Infections, 141: 1342-1356.

- Caron, A., Miguel, E., Gomo, C., Makaya, P., Pfukenyi, D., Hove, T., Foggin, C., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M. 2013. Relationship between burden of infection in ungulate populations and wildlife/livestock interfaces. Epidemiology & Infections, 141(7): 1522-1535.

- Smitz, N., Berthouly, C., Cornelis, D., Heller, R., Van Hooft, W.F., Chardonnet, P., Caron, A., Prins, H.H.T., van Vuuren, B.J., De Longh, H.H., Michaux, J. R. 2013. Pan-African Genetic Structure in the African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer): Investigating Subspecies Divergence. PLoS ONE, 8:e56235.

- Cumming, G.S., Shepard, E. , Okanga, S., Caron, A., Ndlovu, M., Peters, J.L. 2013. Host associations, biogeography, and a first phylogeny of avian malaria in southern African waterfowl. Parasitology, 140:193-201. 

- Miguel, E., Grosbois, V., Berthouly-Salazar, C., Caron, A., Cappelle, J., Roger, F. 2013. A Meta-analysis of Observational Epidemiological Studies of Newcastle Disease in African Agro-Systems (1980-2009). Epidemiology and Infections, 141: 1117-1133. 

de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Miguel, E., Mukamuri, B., de Garine, I., Ancelcius, J., Pfukenyi, D., Caron. A. 2012. Coexisting with wildlife in Transfrontier Conservation Areas in Zimbabwe: cattle owners' awareness of disease risks and perception of the role played by wildlife. Comparative Imunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 36: 321-332. 

   

2012 

- Gomo, C., Musari, S., de Garine-Wiahtitsky, M., Caron, A., Pfukenyi, D. M., van Heerden, H. 2012. Detection of Brucella abortus in Chiredzi district in Zimbabwe. Onderstepoort Veterinary Journal, 79(1): 5. 

- Caron, A., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Ndlovu, M., Cumming, G. S. 2012. Linking avian communities and avian influenza ecology in southern Africa using epidemiological functional groups. Veterinary Research, 43:73.

- Gaidet, N., Ould El Mamy,  A. B., Cappelle, J., Caron, A.Cumming, G.S., Grosbois, V., Gil, P., Hammoumi, S., Servan de Almeida, R., Fereidouni, S. R., Cattoli, G., Abolnik, C., Mundava, J., Fofana, B., Ndlovu, M., Hurtado, R. F., Newman, S. H., Dodman, T., Balança, G. 2012. Investigating Avian Influenza Infection Hotspots in Old-world Shorebirds. PLoS ONE, 7(9): e46049.

- Mundava, J., Caron, A., Gaidet, N., Couto, F. M., Couto, J. T., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Mundy, P. 2012. Factors influencing long-term and seasonal waterbird abundance and composition at 2 two adjacent lakes in Zimbabwe. Ostrich, 83(2): 69-77.

- Murwira, A., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Zengeya, F., Poshiwa, X., Matema, S., Caron, A., Guerbois, C., Hellard, E., Fritz, H. 2012 Chapter 7 : Resource gradients and movements across the edge of transfrontier parks. “Living on the Edge: People and Transfrontier Conservation Areas”. Andersson, J., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Dzingirai, V., Giller, K. and Cumming, D. (Eds), pp. 123-136.

- de Garine-Wichatitsky, Fritz, H., Chaminuka, P., Caron, A., Guerbois, C., Pfukenyi, D., Matema, C., Jori, F., Murwira, A. 2012. Chapter 8: Consequences of animals crossing the edges of Transfrontier Parks. “Living on the Edge: People and Transfrontier Conservation Areas”. Andersson, J., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Dzingirai, V., Giller, K. and Cumming, D. (Eds), pp 137-162.

Caron, A., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Morand, S. 2012. Using the community of pathogens to infer inter-specific host epidemiological interactions at the wildlife/domestic interface. “New Frontiers of Molecular Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases”. Morand, S., Beaudeau F., Cabaret J. (Eds).,Part 5, 311-332.

- Gaidet, N., Caron, A. Cappelle, J., Balança, G., Mundava, J., Fofana, B., Hammoumi, S., Gil, P., Cattoli, G., Abolnik, C., Fereidouni, S.R., ould Elmamy, B., Hagemeijer, W., Mondain-Monval, J.Y., Tran, A., Grosbois, V., Cumming, G.S., Triplet, P., Newman, S.H., Dodman, T. 2012. Ecological drivers of aviain influenza virus infection in wildfowl in Afrotropical regions. Proc Roy Soc B, 279 (1731): 1131-1141.

- Gomo, C., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Caron, A., Pfukenyi, D. 2012. Survey of brucellosis at thewildlife-livestock interface on the Zimbabwean side of the Great LimpopoTransfrontier Conservation Area. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 44(1): 77-85.

- Caron, A., Cumming, G.S., Mundava, J., Chiweshe, N., Mundy, P., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M. 2012 Report on a five-year avian influenza survey in the Manyame cathcment. Honeyguide, 58(2): 113-120.

- Chiweshe, N., Caron, A. 2012. Monitoring birds through counting and ringing around the Manyame Lakes, Zimbabwe. Honeyguide, 58(2): 138-159.

 

2011

- Cumming, G. S., Caron, A., Abolnik,C., Catolli, G., L.W. Bruinzeel, C.E. Burger, K. Cecchettin, N. Chiweshe, B.Mochotlhoane, G.L. Mutumi, M. Ndlovu. 2011. The ecology of Influenza A viruses in wildbirds in southern Africa. EcoHealth 8(1): 4-13

- Caron, A., Abolnik, C., Mundava, J., Gaidet, N., Burger, C.E.,Mochotlhoane, B., Bruinzeel, L., Ngoni, C., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Cumming, G. S. 2011. Persistence of Low Pathogenic Avian InfluenzaVirus in Waterfowl in an African Ecosystem. EcoHealth 8(1): 109-115

 

2010 

- Caron, A., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Gaidet, N., Chiweshe, N., Cumming, G.S. 2010. Estimating dynamic risk factors for pathogen transmission usingcommunity-level bird census data at the wildlife/domestic interface. Ecology& Society, 15(3):25

- Dube, T., Murwira, A., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Caron, A. 2010. Veterinary fence condition and permeability to buffalo (Syncerus caffer) and cattle movement in Gonarezhou Naitonal Park, Zimbabwe. "Fencing impact: A review of the environmental, social and economic impacts of game and veterinary fencing in Africa with particular reference to the Great Limpopo and Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Areas". Ferguson, K., Hanks, J. (Eds), Part 6.5, p 229-232.

- de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Caron, A., Gomo, C., Foggin, C.,Dutlow, K., Lane, E., Le Bel, S., Hofmeyr, M., Hlokwe, T. and Michel, A. 2010. Bovine tuberculosis in Buffaloes, Southern Africa. Emerg Inf Dis, 16 (5) 884-885. 

 

2009 

- Caron, A., Gaidet N., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Morand, S., Cameron, E. 2009. Evolutionary Biology, Community Ecology and Avian Influenza Research.Infections, Genetics & Evolution, 9: 298-303.

 

2007 

- Gaidet, N., Dodman, T., Caron, A.,Balança, G., Desvaux, S., Goutard, F., Cattoli, G., Hagemeijer, W., Monicat, F. 2007. Influenza A viruses in waterbirds in Africa. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 13 (6): 626-629. 

- Gaidet, N., Dodman, T., Caron,A., Balança, G., Desvaux, S., Goutard, F., Cattoli, G., Martin, V., Tripoli, A., Lamarque, F., Hagemeijer, W., Monicat, F. 2007. Influenza Surveillance in Wild Birds in Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and Africa: Preliminary Results from an Ongoing FAO-led Survey. J Wildl Dis 2007 43: S22-S28

 

2006 

- Etter, E., Jori, F., Caron A.,Goutard F., Donado P., Roger F. 2006. Risk analysis and Bovine tuberculosis, a Re-emerging Zoonosis. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci.1081, 61–73.

- Artois, M. Caron A., Leighton,F. A., Bunn, C., Vallat, B. 2006. La faune sauvage et les maladies émergentes. Rev.Sci. Tec. OIE, 25 (3) 897-912.

- Albina E., Balança G., Camus E., Cardinale E., Caron A., Chevalier V., De La Rocque S., Desvaux S., Gaidet-Drapier N., Gerbier G., Goutard F., Lancelot R., Martinez D., Monicat F., Porphyre V., Renard J.F., Richard D., Roger F., Salgado P., Vial L. 2006. La grippe aviaire, l'influenza : le virus H5N1, le poulet, les autres animaux, et l'homme d'içi et d'ailleurs, de l'Asie à l'Afrique. Montpellier, CIRAD, XI-48 p. (Les savoirs partagés) 

- Binot, A., Castel V. CaronA, 2006. The wildlife / livestock interface in Sub-Saharan Africa (French). Sécheresse., 17 (ES 1-2),349-361.

 

2005 

Caron A., Kock R.A.2005. Peste bovine et phacochère en Maurintanie. PigTropWebsite.

  http://pigtrop.cirad.fr/fr/vie_scientifique/sante_RinderPhaco.htm

 

2004 

Caron A., Kock R.A.2004. Animal health in wildlife/livestock mixed systems: the example of Rinderpest eradication in Africa (French). Game and Wildlife Science, 21(4), 529-538.

 

2003 

- Caron A., Cross P.C., du Toit, J.T. 2003. Ecological Implications of Bovine Tuberculosis in African Buffalo Herds. Ecological Applications, 13(5), 1338-1345.

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